There are a variety of techniques that Buckeye and emergency responders may use to contain product that has been released from the pipeline.
Additional information on how to respond to incidents involving pipelines is available by contacting Buckeye or by obtaining training materials from the Pipeline Emergencies Program that is sponsored by the National Association of State Fire Marshals.
A good containment location must meet the following criteria:
- Site must be accessible by truck or boat so that a cleanup crew can collect and remove the product.
- Site must be in the path of the product so that it will be intercepted.
- Site must avoid high currents and poor anchoring locations.
Several basic containment devices can be used to prevent the migration of petroleum products on land and small streams:
Storm sewer or manhole dam
Small stream containment boom
Booms may consist of a rubberized floating material, absorbent material, wood planks, or posts tied together with wire or rope.
Pipe skimming or underflow dam
Sufficient pipe must be used to handle maximum stream flow. The number, size, length and exact position of pipe vary with volumne of water, velocity, width of stream, etc. The pipe can be plastic or steel, plain or corrugated.
Wire fence and straw filter dam